Furniture makers, carpenters, builders-finishers appreciated the merits of the instrument and will not give up such an assistant for anything now. The specialization of the router is broad, but many of the operations that it performs can seem unusual. Let’s try to list the main ones:
- quarter sampling;
- shaped or direct profiling of the edge (table top, staircase tread);
- drilling holes, including under nagel;
- manufacturing of twisted / spiral and longitudinal grooves on cylindrical and conical blanks (legs, balusters);
- coarse grinding;
- decorative carving on wood, engraving (volumetric – a sculpture, or on a plane – a fresco);
- the device of grooves, folds, splines (for connection of elements of furniture);
flush fit of furniture laminates;
- cutting operations, roughing of contours (creation of a workpiece);
- manufacturing of seats (for locks and awnings, corners, accessories);
- cutting of various forms of spikes for joining / splicing parts;
- production of bindings (connection of perpendicular elements of windows, doors).
Technical characteristics of the router
The upper part, it’s the “head”, it’s the “head part”, mainly it is a motor with handles and a collet clamp. Here’s the power characteristics of the router and electronic stuffing we’ll talk about in this chapter.
This characteristic of the router, like power consumption, can indicate the overall performance of the unit. In other words, having more watts “under the hood”, the developers allow the installation of a larger milling cutter and provide the ability to make a quick feed and a deeper pass without overheating the windings. However, a large power entails a significant increase in the mass of the product and its dimensions, and high torque does not quite coexist with many “delicate” snap-ins. On this basis, mills are divided into several classes: light (up to 700 W), medium (700-1500 W) and heavy (over 1500 W). Some manufacturers did not shrink and for the fullness of the range they offered models with a capacity of 2.3 kW, for example, DeWalt DW626 or Makita RP 2300FC (cutting depth 70 mm, weight 6.1 kg, speed up to 22000 rpm, collet size 12 mm) . For comparison, the weight of the 900-watt machine Makita RP 0910 is almost half the size and is 3.3 kg, but the processing depth is reduced to 57 mm.
The frequency of rotation of the spindle manufacturers “keep” in the range of 20-30 thousand revolutions per minute, finish and up to 35000 rpm. Interestingly, the smaller the diameter of the recommended tooling (seriously depends on the power), variable speed wood router the faster the specific milling cutter can develop. A large milling cutter is used with a lower speed, since the speed of the point on the edge of its circumference is much higher. A small frequency is needed when processing plastics and metal, so that there is no overheating of the working area and reflow of the material. It turns out that in practice we have the following relationship: power consumption / cutter size / processing depth / workpiece material / rotation speed – each of the items affects the rest, so its maximum values are carefully selected by the manufacturer.